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一個跟狀態動詞的完成式有關的問題
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請問一下
I have wanted to move for a long time.
對嗎

I have known him for a long time.
對嗎

Posted on: 2012/5/25 21:17
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Re: 一個跟狀態動詞的完成式有關的問題
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Both are correct.

Tim

Posted on: 2012/5/26 8:29
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Re: 一個跟狀態動詞的完成式有關的問題
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我是寫題本
題本寫第一句錯
應該用過去簡單式
第二句對
可是我覺得兩個都是狀態動詞
狀態動詞的完成式不是可以表是狀態的持續嗎

Posted on: 2012/5/26 8:47
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Re: 一個跟狀態動詞的完成式有關的問題
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You can refer to http://www.english-test.net/forum/ftopic14512.html for some pointers.

Tim

Posted on: 2012/5/26 19:59
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Re: 一個跟狀態動詞的完成式有關的問題
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Quote:

philip20336 wrote:
請問一下
I have wanted to move for a long time.
對嗎

I have known him for a long time.
對嗎



您的兩句完全正確.


「我早就想搬家了.」
最常見的說法是:
I have long wanted to move. (O)
這個副詞long就是for a long time, 也就是說:
= I have for a long time wanted to move. (O)
= I have wanted to move for a long time. (O)

第一句書上建議用過去簡單式wanted, 也是正確的,
關鍵在於want是延續動詞, 搭配for a long time沒有問題.
但不能說have wanted錯誤, 畢竟現在完成式搭配for a long time更為適當與順口.

如果是瞬間動詞quit, 就不能用完成式來搭配for a long time了:
I have quitted the job for a long time. (X)
I quitted the job a long time ago. (O)


第二句I have known him for a long time.
這更是毫無爭議的正確句子, 因為know是延續動詞.
若是瞬間動詞就不行, 以marry為例:
I have married him for a long time. (X)
<-- 不可能長久以來都在作「嫁」這個動作.
I have been married to him for a long time. (O)
<-- 改用延續動詞beV就沒問題了, married變成形容詞性質.

Posted on: 2012/5/31 16:53
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Re: 一個跟狀態動詞的完成式有關的問題
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Glot and Tim,

Thanks a lot.

Posted on: 2012/6/1 23:07
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