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My favorite fruit is ...
Home away from home
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My favorite fruit is 後面昰an apple, the apple or apples?

Posted on: 2012/8/15 22:24
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Re: My favorite fruit is ...
Home away from home
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Quote:

123 wrote:
My favorite fruit is 後面昰an apple, the apple or apples?



這個問題可以問倒一缸子的老外, 因為沒有唯一的標準答案.
語言是靈活的, 大眾的用法就是正確用法, 文法自會配合著解釋. 不過, 基本的規則共識還是有的.

先說動詞, 因主詞fruit是三單, 動詞要配合主詞, 所以is是正確的; 動詞不是要配合補語中的名詞單複數, 所以本句用are一定是錯的.

其次, 這句話的語意說的是某水果的名稱或類別, 而不是針對單一某個水果的喜好, 所以an apple一定是錯的.

My favorite fruit is an apple. (X)
<--- 原因如上述.

My favorite fruit is apple. (O)
<--- 指名稱或類別不需加冠詞.

My favorite fruit is the apple. (O)
<--- 「the+水果名稱單數」也有很多英語人士用來指水果的分類.

My favorite fruit is apples. (O)
<--- 顆粒較小的物件類別, 英語人士也常習慣用複數, 另例: oranges, tomatoes, grapes, strawberries等.

此外, 常聽到的類似句子:
My favorite food is hamburgers. (O)
My favorite food is pizza. <--- pizza尺寸通常較大, 習慣用單數.
共同點是都不用冠詞.

Posted on: 2012/9/1 20:20
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Re: My favorite fruit is ...
Home away from home
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謝謝 Glot 的解釋。

Posted on: 2012/9/2 0:18
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Re: My favorite fruit is ...
Just can't stay away
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Thanks so much, Glot. that's helpful!

Posted on: 2012/9/4 20:05
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